Disadvantaged and vulnerable youth need multiple strategies and service components to succeed in the world of work.  

Studies show that a variety of resources, support services, and the dedicated commitment of a case manager can lead to self-sufficiency for young people facing multiple hurdles to jump.

Serving Disadvantaged Youth

While youth with disabilities and youth who are out-of-school receive greater focus under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), the WIOA youth program serves many youth with multiple barriers to success in the labor force.  The program also serves youth aged 14-21 that are homeless, pregnant or parenting, basic skills deficient, justice-involved, school dropouts, in foster care, and English language learners. In addition, the program serves youth who are low income and need additional assistance to enter or complete an educational program, and to secure and retain employment.


  • Youth Council Toolkit
  • Youth Council Toolkit - Tools to Use

Operating Guidance

  • WIOA Youth Program Transition and Operating Guidance - TEGL 23-14
  • WIOA Youth Program Transition and Operating Guidance - TEGL 8-15
  • Services to Youth with Disabilities - TEGL 31-10

Youth Focused Webinars

  • Framework for Youth Basic Skills - Webinar
  • Enough is Known for Action - Youth Webinar Series
  • The Importance of WIOA for Family and Youth Services Bureau Grantees - Webinar
  • WIOA and YouthBuild – Webinar                      

Youth Materials

  • WIOA Youth Program Fact Sheet
  • Effective Front-Line Youth Services - Manual
  • How to Find and Serve Homeless and Runaway Youth
  • Youth Assessment and Case Management
  • Supporting Youth with Learning Disabilities